Endometriosis is a condition where the inner lining of the uterus called the endometrium grows outside the uterus and causes a lot of pain and excessive bleeding during the monthly cycle.
The symptoms vary from woman to woman and from mild to severe. They include:
Endometriosis risk is higher
This condition occurs only during the time when the woman’s menstrual system is active. After menopause, the abnormal endometrial implants outside the uterus will shrink in size and the symptoms associated with the disorder will gradually fade away.
The extremely painful periods can squeeze out the energy from the person and they will not be able to carry out their normal chores or attend work during that time, causing a lot of inconvenience and embarrassment. Because of the pain that they experience during sex, they will start avoiding intercourse with their partner which might lead to a discord between the two. This reduced intercourse may also negatively affect the chances of becoming pregnant.
Endometriosis is a reasonably common cause of infertility among women. Women with mild or moderate symptoms may take longer to conceive but those with severe symptoms should seek medical help quickly.
There is no absolute cure for this disorder or any prevention. Researchers have not been able to single out why women get affected by endometriosis and hence cure or prevention is not possible but the situation can be tackled and the symptoms alleviated with proper advice and treatment from a doctor.
If the woman is not trying to become pregnant, the methods of treatment include:
If the woman is trying to become pregnant, the methods of treatment include:
Research shows that nearly half of the women who underwent laparoscopic surgery were able to become pregnant within 3 years of the procedure1.
1. Paolo Vercellini , Luigi Fedele , Giorgio Aimi , Olga De Giorgi , Dario Consonni , and Pier Giorgio Crosignani, "Reproductive performance, pain recurrence and disease relapse after conservative surgical treatment for endometriosis: the predictive value of the current classification system", Hum. Reprod. Advance Access published on October 1, 2006, DOI 10.1093/humrep/del230. Hum. Reprod. 21: 2679-2685.
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