Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder caused due to the imbalance of hormones in the body. It is characterized by abnormal amounts of the male hormone androgen which results irregular periods, and cysts in the ovaries. Cysts are small sacs filled with fluid.
Women affected with PCOS show a variety of symptoms with the most common ones being:
The cause of PCOS is unclear. Some research connects it to blood sugar levels and insulin. It suggests that when excess insulin is present in the body it triggers excess production of the male hormone androgen. Other research connects PCOS to genetics as the condition seems to run in the family.
PCOS results in many of the health conditions (high BP, Excess weight etc.,) that are listed above.
Additionally some of the bodily changes like excess hair growth and acne that are visible externally might bring about a disturbing effect on the person's mental health also. With the guidance of an efficient health care provider and changes in the lifestyle, an individual can learn to regain confidence in oneself.
Women with PCOS have fertility problems and fail to conceive. The androgen imbalance disturbs the normal production and emission of eggs during ovulation, resulting in infertility. Fertility drugs can be prescribed by a doctor to improve ovulation and increase the chances of getting pregnant. Studies have shown that after 6 months of treatment, nearly 70% of women with PCOS became pregnant after regular treatment with fertility drugs1.
A pregnant woman with PCOS is more likely to
There is no cure for PCOS but its symptoms can be treated
1. Stefano Palomba, Francesco Orio, Jr., Angela Falbo, Francesco Manguso, Tiziana Russo, Teresa Cascella, Achille Tolino, Enrico Carmina, Annamaria Colao, and Fulvio Zullo, "Prospective Parallel Randomized, Double-Blind, Double-Dummy Controlled Clinical Trial Comparing Clomiphene Citrate and Metformin as the First-Line Treatment for Ovulation Induction in Nonobese Anovulatory Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome", J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 90: 4068-4074; published online before print as doi:10.1210/jc.2005-0110 (http://jcem.endojournals.org/cgi/content/full/90/7/4068)
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